Uzbekistan also shares a short border (less than 150 km or 93 mi) with Afghanistan to the south. It is one of two doubly landlocked countries in the world (that is, a country completely surrounded by landlocked countries), the other being Liechtenstein.In addition, due to its location within a series of endorheic basins, none of its rivers lead to the sea.A majority of Uzbeks are non-denominational Muslims.
Uzbekistan lies between latitudes 37° and 46° N, and longitudes 56° and 74° E.
Uzbek economy is in a gradual transition to the market economy, with foreign trade policy being based on import substitution.
In September 2017, the country's currency became fully convertible in the market rates.
Uzbekistan is a major producer and exporter of cotton.
The country also operates the largest open-pit gold mine in the world.
Following the succession of the local rulers of Khwarezmian dynasty in the 11th century, the region fell to the Mongol invasion in the 13th century.